This Deepfake Exhibition Shows How Convincing the New Technology Can Be | Smart News

Installation view “In the event of a catastrophe on the moon”, the central element of the exhibition, which explores the history of profound forgeries exhibited in the Museum of Moving Images.
Tanasi Karageorgiev / Museum of Moving Images.

Do you think you could notice the deepfake? A new exhibition has opened at the Museum of Motion Picture Imaging in Queens, New York, to test your skills. Gatamist‘s Jennifer Vanasco. “Deepfake: Unstable Evidence on Screen” examines the technology of deep-seated fake fakes – deceptive videos created using artificial intelligence and machine learning – and how they are used to manipulate viewers, Eileen Kinsella told ArtNet News.

The central place at the exhibition is video In case of a monthly disastera six-minute film produced by the Center for Advanced Virtuality of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, which this year won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Interactive Media: a documentary, according to ArtDaily. Set in a 1960s-style living room saturated with patterned wallpaper and two chairs, the film plays on a vintage console TV, showing the launch of Apollo 11 in 1969, according to Gatamist. Walter Cronkite runs the program, and the news clips show agitated crowds waving to astronauts and counting down. But the program goes static after launch, returning with a picture of Richard Nixon sitting at his desk in front of the American flag. “Fate has ordained that people who go to the moon to explore the world will stay on the moon to rest in peace,” Nixon said in the video. This is a line from a never-before-used address written by speechwriter William Safeir in case the Apollo 11 team (which returned safe and sound) perished during its mission.

“We use Nixon’s resignation speech as the original video, which is then manipulated,” says co-director Francesco Panetta. Gatamist. “The emotions on Nixon’s face, all the original body language, turning the pages: it’s all really real. But we imposed it, manipulated it, with another very emotional speech. “

Fortunately, most of the dips made today are not so convincing In case of a monthly disaster‘s, who used meticulous production methods, according to Art Gatamist. The creators of Deepfake typically use cheap, widely available software that, while generally effective, gives their subjects some unusual valley effect. The deepfake, in which John Lennon condemns the music and praises the podcasts that appear in the exhibition, has some qualities that may cause the audience anxiety.

“There are some signs: shine or shine on the cheeks and forehead, as well as restless movements between the head and neck,” says Felicity Martin, curator of the exhibition Joshua Glick. Stunned. “Also some shades in their eyes that don’t necessarily mix, [and] a mismatch between moving lips and words coming out of a person’s mouth ”.

Many of the defaults in the exhibition are relatively harmless in nature – for example, Queen Elizabeth dancing on the table, or the conclusion of former President Donald Trump, who withdraws from the Paris Climate Agreement. However, current concerns have arisen about the potential sexual weapons of defects in porn, where there is a great demand for editing celebrity faces on other bodies, reports Gatamist. Others are concerned that deep fakes could be used to influence the election.

“So far there has been no widespread use in large-scale elections, but the exhibition wants to prepare [people]and to educate the demanding community of spectators, ”Glick says Stunned. “There are practical steps we can take as individuals and things we can do as a society. Social media companies can do more to curb the spread of misinformation on their platforms, and politics also plays an important role. ”

the face of a man connected digitally with half the face of Richard Nixon

The image of the actor in the role of Richard Nixon merged with the image of Nixon in this behind-the-scenes frame “In case of a monthly disaster.”

Dominic Smith / courtesy of MIT and Halsey Burgundy

Deepfakes can be used to your advantage, Glick argues. 2020 Documentary Welcome to Chechnyadepicting the human rights crisis in the LGBTQ + community in Russia, used technology to protect the identity of the oppressed in the film, for Stunned. Deepfakes can also be used as a means of satire and social criticism, “to ridicule and expose government officials by showing how they manipulate people in their business or politics,” Glick adds. He cites a satirical article by the creators of “South Park” on Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, which promotes inexpensive dialysis treatments.

Acknowledging the concern, the exhibition shows that deepfakes are just the latest version of a long history of moving image editing. The show contains profound forgeries in the context of other controversial depictions throughout history, such as reconstructions of the Spanish-American War, paintings by Frank Capri Why we fightand footage of Zapruder with the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

“What can you edit that you can stage, how do you need to show people what consent means in this case?” Says Panetta Gatamist. “I think there’s a desire to come up with a set of rules very, very quickly because it’s very, very scary. But I also think that in the beginning it will be quite difficult to have an absolute, because technology is evolving very fast and you don’t know what everyone will use. ”

“Deepfake: Unstable Evidence on Screen” can be seen at the Museum of Moving Images in Queens until May 15, 2022 and is accompanied by a series of events “Irregular Evidence: Deep Forgeries and Suspicious Footage in a Movie,” which examines how evidence materials have been manipulated or staged in a movie.

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