TExperts note that it is necessary to adopt and implement the latest technologies and equipment at the local level, as well as train their workforce in the “cutting machine industry” of Rwanda as part of the construction sector.
They say local production could also help lower import bills in construction.
A study conducted in 2015 found that building materials account for 10 percent of the country’s total imports.
Rwanda has outlined a five-year plan from 2016 to 2020, under which the construction sector could save $ 206 million a year if imports are cut.
Although imports remain high, experts say an increase in locally produced construction materials and equipment could boost economic growth and create more jobs.
The construction sector employs 400,000 people and is the third largest employer after agriculture and retail, according to a report by the Rwandan Development Council for 2020, which states that “Increased demand for domestic products and construction materials will reduce Rwanda’s import bills and pressure on locals. currency “.
According to Diagen Mulindahabi, director of IPRC Kigali, some of the necessary technologies to be adopted in the local construction industry, school curriculum and among the workforce include drilling and slicing systems and technologies.
Drilling is the process of cutting holes in a solid material with a rotating cutting tool, and threading is the process of cutting threads on the inner surface of a drilled hole. This is achieved with a special tool called a tap.
Cutting holes is necessary to develop the full strength of the connecting screw or bolt.
He said such materials should be locally produced for easy acceptance and quick construction work, which saves time and money.
“We have attracted production professionals to give public lectures on such necessary technologies, as we are an institution that produces labor for the construction industry,” he said, suggesting local production of such technologies.
He said there is a need to improve local construction machinery to reduce expensive imports.
“People imported cars from China, but their products are becoming more expensive now. So the market now has to look at Africans who need to manufacture equipment and export it; so we need to train our workforce by bringing in new technology experts, ”he said.
He said the school works with the private sector in manufacturing to ensure that curricula are also updated every three to five years to bring them in line with modern technology and labor market demand.
He said, for example, that they work with industries such as Rwanda Engineering and Manufacturing Corporation (REMCO), a new factory for machinery and parts in agricultural mechanization, mining, water supply, hospital equipment, and the construction and energy sectors.
Imported specialists in new technologies
Rezvan Basarabianu, president of the Association of Employers of the Cutting Industry in Romania, is one of the experts in manufacturing in Rwanda to train the construction industry with the latest technologies such as drilling and slicing systems and technologies.
A specialist in cutting tools told Doing Business that if adopted, the latest technology could save time and costs in the construction industry.
He said he is meeting with manufacturers and other players in construction technology to share experiences in the cutting machine industry, namely drilling and technology.
“I am in Rwanda for three months to teach the company how to properly use cutting machines and cutting tools. Therefore, we also showed students in PTAP schools how they can do more things in the operation of machines and doing business in them, ”he said.
He said that as Rwanda grows many sectors, it was a perfect opportunity to learn about the latest technologies on which construction will be based.
“There is a need to open schools for educational institutions for this industry – the machine tool cutting and metal cutting industry – because everyone needs cutting tools in the industry,” he said.
He noted that the cutting technology is new to the market, adding that it needs to be adopted.
“Once the workforce has the basic knowledge, they can easily adapt and learn something new,” he said.
Basarabianu called on Rwanda to start producing its own cutting tools and machines locally to avoid dependence on foreign markets.
“They can start with small machines and then with advanced machines to avoid dependence on other countries,” he said.
The size of the market for metal cutting machines
The global market for metal cutting machines in 2019 was estimated at $ 6.17 billion and is expected to grow at an annual growth rate of 5.9 percent from 2020 to 2027, according to a market analysis report.
Growth in demand for high-performance metal-cutting machines from a variety of industries, including automotive, aerospace and defense, electronics and marine engineering, is expected to be a key factor in the forecast period.
Metal cutting machines are widely used in various industries for cutting different types of ferrous and non-ferrous metals to produce the finished product of the desired geometry. This provides many benefits for the finished product, including texture or surface finish, more accurate dimensional accuracy, complex shape and required size.
Experts in construction say that growing demand for advanced mechanized metal cutting machines is likely to stimulate market growth over the forecast period.
The Asia-Pacific region dominated the market and accounted for 41.8 percent of global revenue in 2019 due to rapid industrialization coupled with improved economic conditions, primarily in India, China and South Korea, which will stimulate demand for products in the region.
The Asia-Pacific region is expected to remain a hub of high-tech manufacturing, especially for the automotive, defense and aerospace and electronics industries, which is likely to stimulate the growth of the regional market.
It is expected that the North American market of metal-cutting machines will be primarily driven by growing demand from the defense and aerospace sectors, which is projected to support the demand for metal-cutting machines.
The European market is projected to witness a CAGR of 5.6 percent over the forecast period.
It is expected that in the coming years the demand for metal-cutting machines will be stimulated by factors, including the increasing introduction of energy-efficient technologies, the growth of industrial automation and the growth of technological innovation.
It is projected that the reliable automotive and manufacturing sectors of the region will significantly increase the demand for metal cutting machines.
It is expected that the construction industry in the Middle East and Africa will develop in conjunction with increased public and private investment in infrastructure development in the region.
Israel is a major player in the region. Demand for products is expected to stimulate a reliable aviation, electronics and telecommunications sector in the country over the forecast period.